The Coca-Cola Company… robot manufacturer? If that association doesn’t ring a bell, it will soon. Go behind the scenes as a team of design and technology experts build a robot to distribute drinks – and surprises – to members of the public.

The Beginning

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

In 2014, we partnered with Fellow Robots, a Silicon Valley-based startup, to develop Cobot 1.0, a Coca-Cola robot inspired by the idea of "a Coke finds you, instead of you finding a Coke." 

Fast-forward to early 2016: Tom North, equipment commercialisation manager, led the development of Cobot 2.0 in conjunction with our External Technology Acquisition (ETA) team. North is pictured here explaining Cobot 2.0’s increased product storage capacity.

Nancy Quan, vice president, research and developemnt (R&D), says the ETA team played a pivotal role in bringing Cobot to life. “Cobot is an excellent example of how we are working closely with external partners through our Global ETA function," she said. "In this case, ETA connected technology startups with our R&D subject matter experts and integrated with our business unit cross-functional partners to enable fast adoption of new technology into the marketplace.”

Several other teams were involved in Cobot’s development, but all partners had one vision in mind: to create a mobile vending machine that engages people in a fun and unique way. After the successful development of Cobot 1.0, our R&D team met with various Coca-Cola markets across the world and China and Japan were excited to help bring Cobot 2.0 to life.

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

Cobot 1.0

Cobot 1.0’s look was a throwback to antique vending machines. While the Design team appreciated its vintage look, the machine could hold only four mini-cans, which limited its usefulness. Our Industrial Design team decided to modernise Cobot, with a dramatic rethinking of the robot’s look and functionality. 

“Service robotics is a rapidly growing industry, and through our partnership with Coca-Cola, Fellow Robots is able to demonstrate the expansion, use and applications of service robotics for retail industries,” said Fellow Robots CEO Marco Mascorro.

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

Working with Global Design

After our R&D team decided to proceed with Cobot 2.0, they reached out to James Cha, design manager, to create a new look. “Although in its infancy stage, the Cobot program reminds us of where Coca-Cola‘s Freestyle project once was," Cha said. "Cobot can very well be our next big thing, in providing delightful moments to our connected next-generation consumers.”

Read more about our Coca-Cola Freestyle machines.

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine


To solve Cobot 1.0’s main challenge – the fact that it could only hold a few drinks – Cobot 2.0 was designed to have a loading capacity of roughly 20 standard cans or bottles. The next-generation robot’s sleek new look also features an arsenal of interpersonal skills. It can react and distribute drinks or prizes based on a person's facial reaction – i.e., smile and get a Coke, or pose and have your picture taken.

Cobot’s Brains

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

Cobot 2.0 is run by two operators using controllers that bear a resemblance to the hardware for remote-controlled cars. One person guides Cobot’s movement; the other guides Cobot’s interactions with people. The human “brains” can direct Cobot to take a picture, dispense a drink, smile, or display other facial expressions.

Robot, Get to Work!

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

When I met the R&D team, they were hard at work trying to assemble “Tom” and “Jerry,” two Cobots who were headed to China for an early-May 2016 debut. For logistical reasons, it’s best to build and use two machines at the same time. That way, when these Cobots are out in the marketplace, the operating team can ensure one robot is stocked while the empty unit gets refilled.

Heart Surgery

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

To prepare Tom and Jerry for their maiden voyage to China, the Global Equipment R&D team worked every night for three straight weeks. When I visited them, Clayton Burnett, a commercial engineer, jokingly explained that he was performing "heart surgery” on Jerry to ensure the robot’s energy source worked seamlessly. It took the team six to eight weeks to assemble these first two Cobot 2.0 units, and they predict they can cut build time in half on future projects.

Cobot 2.0’s Pilot Launch

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

Coke's Global Equipment R&D worked around the clock because Tom and Jerry were expected in China for a pilot activation tour from Shanghai to Beijing, stopping by key customers like Wanda Cinemas and Metro Supermarkets. 

After China, Tom and Jerry will travel back to our headquarters in Atlanta for an upgrade and redeployment.  Meanwhile, two Cobot 2.5’s are in development for product sampling at Universal Studios in Japan (USJ) for the park's 15-year anniversary this summer.

Pictured here, operators Hannah Rittweger, an R&D intern from Georgia Tech, and Clarke Monroe, electronics manager, successfully get Tom moving and vending products after a long day making minor adjustments to smooth out the functionality.

The Future of Cobot

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

Cobot 2.0 was a huge technological and design leap forward from the robot's initial prototype. Future updates will include increased vending capacity, the reduction to one remote-control user, and improved gesture and emotion detection, as well as exciting social and photography advancements.

To fully realise Cobot’s potential, R&D will work with our IT Innovation Services team. “Working with R&D to improve Cobot 2.5 is an exciting way to approach innovation,” said Bill Maynard, director of enterprise architecture/innovation. “What technology can we build into Cobot to enhance the consumer sampling experience? I think we have some exciting ideas, and – who knows – maybe one day you’ll be able to hug a Cobot and get a Coke in return!”

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine

China Sampling Event

On May 14, Tom and Jerry Cobots 2.0 made their public debut at a cinema in Shanghai. The excited crowd delighted in sampling product and interacting with Cobot. “After a successful launch in Asia, I’m excited about bringing Cobot to the rest of the world with ever-evolving functionality aimed at helping consumers 'Taste the Feeling' of innovation at Coca-Cola,” North said.

Coca-Cola Cobot Vending Machine
The Cobot 2.0 Engineering team (from left:) Clayton Burnett, Clarke Monroe, Alan Hawkins and Hannah Rittweger. Not pictured, Frank Fu.

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